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what were the pinson mounds used for

Posted on: December 27th, 2020 by No Comments

Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park covers more than 1,200 acres and contains at least 15 Native American mounds. Pinson Mounds is a Middle Woodland period (100 B.C. First, Newark and Pinson are the largest … Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. The mounds were constructed between 200 B.C. Named after one of the first surveyors to document its existence, Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park encompasses 1,300 acres of land, with 15 Native American mounds, used for … The fall colors were just starting to make themselves seen during this visit, which was great. The hike begins at the museum's back entrance. In 1916 the Smithsonian dispatched the archaeologist William E. Myer to investigate the site. The mounds were used for burial and ceremonial purposes. The complex is the largest group of Middle Woodland mounds in the United States. The mounds held 1,175 burials: 1,159 from Mound A, and 13 from Mound B (3 unknown). We are now very close to the com­ pletion of that goal once envisioned by J. G. Cicso, and those persons who have maintained their interest and concern during this long time span. Located in what was once Chickasaw land, Pinson Mounds features at least 15 earthen mounds in an area that encompasses almost 1,200 acres. Pinson Mounds became a Tennessee State Park in 1974 and is also a national historic landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Among these are mounds # 5, 9, 10, 28, and 29. The site is now a part of Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park in Tennessee and is listed as a national historic landmark. Pinson Mounds. Original definition by Chickasaw.tv. These structures may have included a council house, religious buildings, and residences of the town’s leaders. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The park's museum is built within a "replica" of a platform mound. In it, we learn from one of the men on the expedition how the Pinson Mounds were named. Pinson, TN (south Jackson) 2.7 miles. The Pinson Mounds are an ancient Native American complex that was discovered in Madison County, Tennessee. The Pinson Mounds comprise a prehistoric Native American complex located in Madison County, Tennessee in the region that is known as the Eastern Woodlands. Miller peoples were part of the Hopewellian exchange. Since the 17th century, the Choctaw have venerated Nanih Waiya mound and nearby cave as their sacred origin location. "Pinson Mounds." License. The prehistoric site includes at least 17 earthen mounds and sophisticated habitation areas. The Ozier Mound contains no burials and because of its shape, ramped and flat-topped, it was … Another tomb had four older men, one of whom had been buried with two round rattles bearing abstract designs. The river that had been called Okeena was given the name Forked Deer; ancient mounds that were built by a native people dating from around the time of Christ were named for a surveyor named Pinson. Most of these are in Florida and Louisiana . With all this summer heat, I wanted to remember the cool crisp breeze of fall--which happens to be my favorite season. Mainfort also uncovered a single burial in Mound 31 and evidence of food offerings at the base of the mounds. (2014, May 30). The museum is also home to the West Tennessee Regional Archaeology offices and an archaeological library. In addition to Sauls Mound the group includes Ozier Mound, the Twin Mounds and Mound 31. It just happened that we finally made a trip at a different time of year. The complex, which includes 17 mounds, an earthen geometric enclosure, and numerous habitation areas, was most likely built during the Middle Woodland period (c. 1-500 AD). and 500 A.D. and are believed to have been used for both burial and ceremonial purposes. Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park, Madison Co., Tennessee, USA : The Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park is a site constructed by the indigenous people of the United States during the period 0-499 AD. A stream known as Hudson Branch runs perpendicular to the Forked Deer River and divides the Inner section from the Western section. Only two of the discs were engraved. A unique feature of Pinson Mounds is the presence of five large, rectangular platform mounds from eight to seventy-two feet in height. The mounds held 1,175 burials: 1,159 from Mound A, and 13 from Mound B (3 unknown). They were also hunters and gatherers, but used more advanced tools. Books [14], Some evidence suggests that the layout of the Pinson Mounds might be due to astronomical alignment, and expresses the people's cosmology, as is the case at some later mound complexes, such as Cahokia. Located in west Tennessee about ten miles south of Jackson, the Pinson Mounds complex includes at least thirteen mounds, a geometric earthen embankment, and contemporary short-term occupation areas within an … South of Jackson, visitors will find the archaeological wonder that is Pinson Mounds State Park. and 500 A.D. and are believed to have been used for both burial and ceremonial purposes. On our most recent visit to Pinson Mounds State Park in Tennessee, we were finally able to walk on the boardwalk nature trail. [2], At the request of the Jackson Archaeological Society and the National Park Service, in December 1961 the University of Tennessee archaeologists Fred Fisher and Charles McNutt carried out the first major excavation of the Pinson Mounds. The Pinson Mounds comprise a prehistoric Native American complex located in Madison County, Tennessee in the region that is known as the Eastern Woodlands. Based primarily on the vast amount of pre-Mississippian culture debris found at the site and radiocarbon dating of charcoal, Fisher and McNutt concluded that the Pinson Mounds were probably built during the Middle Woodland period, c. 1-500 AD. Some of the mounds were used for burial, but the majority served another purpose. After learning a bit of history about the Mounds at the museum, we set off to see some ourselves! Pottery accompanied some burials; the weight of mound fill apparently crushed the vessels. The Pinson Mounds were discovered after the Chickasaw Nation ceded lands in western Tennessee in 1818. It all depends on the season, as the trail is closed the same time every year. As you might remember from an earlier photo, we enjoyed hiking through the woods at Pinson Mounds back in October. The mounds are named after Joel Pinson, one of the surveyors who discovered the mounds. It was primarily used as a ceremonial gathering place for Woodland Indians around the region. Pinson Mounds, one of two state archaeological parks, is a special park, set aside to protect the prehistoric remains found there. The complex, which includes 17 mounds, an earthen geometric enclosure, and numerous habitation areas, was most likely built during the Middle Woodland period (c. 1-500 A.D.).The complex is the largest group of Middle Woodland mounds … Pinson Mounds was occupied during the Woodland Era, which went from around 1000 BC until about 1000 AD. You can ponder prehistoric pottery and tools in their subterranean tomb, then step outside and walk miles of paths stretching over 400 acres, passing at least 17 mounds. It's a great family outing as well as a nice place to go on a walk with … If so, their average was computed. PINSON, Tenn–A state park helps skywatchers witness a rare astronomical event from up above, known popularly as the Christmas star. Lived in TN between 1,000 A.D. - 1,500 A.D. Gorgets. [8], Excavations by Dan Morse and Richard Polhemus in 1963 uncovered what they believed was an oval-shaped house, a large hearth, and various refuse pits. Nor, it turns out, did he actuallydiscover what are today called the Pinson Mounds! Chucalissa Indian Village (located near Memphis) Create Flipbook- Historic Indians. Saul's Mound, the tallest mound in the complex may have been an observation point, with some of the other mounds used to orient toward specific astronomical events like the equinox and Summer Solstice. Luckily, the plain halves were the least preserved of the four pieces. The ground is mostly composed of Tertiary period rocks known for producing high-quality clay. Ancient History Encyclopedia. sherds from Pinson Mounds, 16 sherds from 13 nearby sites, two fired-clay samples from Pinson Mounds, and two clay samples associated with nearby his toric stoneware potteries (Figure 1). Beautiful view from the top of Sauls Mound! Archaeological evidence suggests the mounds were both burial and ceremonial in purpose. Managed by the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation's Division of State Parks, the Pinson Mounds grouping consists of at least 15 earthen mounds, a geometic enclosure, habitation areas and related earthworks in an area that incorporates … The Pinson Mounds complex is managed by the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. Pinson Mounds is a national historic Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Covering 400 acres (1.6 km 2), the area contains at least 30 mounds, 17 of which have been identified as being completely or partially constructed by prehistoric peoples. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. 2.5 miles east of the town of Pinson and approximately 10 miles southeast of Jackson. It is called. Restaurants near Pinson Mounds State Park: (1.84 mi) Brenda's Kitchen (3.26 mi) Los-Portales (8.73 mi) Catfish Cabin (5.72 mi) Snookum's Beef House (5.40 mi) Bell's Drive in; View all restaurants near Pinson Mounds State Park on Tripadvisor $ Another important Middle Woodland site is the Pinson Mounds, located in western Tennessee. A VISIT TO PINSON MOUNDS IN TENNESSEE. Luckily, the plain halves were the least preserved of the four pieces. PINSON, Tenn. –A state park helped sky-watchers witness a rare astronomical event from up above, known popularly as the Christmas star. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The complex, which was likely constructed sometime between 200 BCE and 500 CE, is the largest collection of mounds in the United States from the Middle Woodland period. [11], In the 1980s, Robert Mainfort discovered six tombs in the Twin Mounds, one of which contained the remains of eight young women wearing headdresses with copper adornments. The Pinson Mounds are located on a plateau-like upland above the wetlands that line the banks of the South Fork of the Forked Deer River. Web. Most of the mounds, including the Twin Mounds and Ozier Mound, were built between 150 A.D. to 250 A.D. It ended up being named after him in the year 1820. The Pinson Mounds are an ancient Native American complex that was discovered in Madison County, Tennessee. The prehistoric Pinson Mounds, which include the second-tallest burial mound in the U.S., inspired the builders of the site museum to bury it beneath its own mound. [13] It is one of the oldest such mounds in the Eastern Woodlands region. A second row of large posts, ranging from 14 to … Pinson "discovered" the complex which was named after him in 1820. The Middle Woodland natives most likely built the Pinson Mounds primarily for religious ceremonial purposes, although their motives have yet to be established definitively. Six mounds, rectangular in shape with flat tops, probably served as platforms for the town’s important buildings. Pinson is the site of the Pinson Mounds, an extensive archaeological area including three distinct mound groups of the Middle Woodland period. The park features hiking trails, group camping, picnic areas, a museum, tours, special events and activities. These are some photos I took at Pinson Mounds in Tennessee. Here there are several mounds that were built by the native Chickasaw Tribe between 1,300 and 1,500 years ago. The Pinson Mounds comprise a prehistoric Native American complex located in Madison County, Tennessee in the region that is known as the Eastern Woodlands. The Ozier Mound contains no burials and because of its shape, ramped and flat-topped, it was most likely used as a ceremonial platform. The Western section is managed by the Tennessee Division of Forestry and includes a nursery and irrigation pond. The largest group of Woodland Indians mounds (used for burials) were found in Jackson, TN. "Pinson Mounds." If you want to … For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. The mounds were used for burials around 100 BC to AD 400 (Marksville period). Pinson Mounds, one of two state archaeological parks, is a special park, set aside to protect the prehistoric remains found there. Among other things, we find out that Joel Pinson was not the leader of the expedition as we might have thought given the Pinson Mounds were named for him! Pinson Mounds. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places that same year. Instead, they may have been residents of the same community that killed them. Cisco began writing about it in the late 19th century. preservation of the Pinson Mounds. Necklaces made by the Mississippian Indians from the shiny, pink inside of a conch shell. [2], The Middle Woodland natives most likely built the Pinson Mounds primarily for religious ceremonial purposes, although their motives have yet to be established definitively. Now it is reliably known that some platform mounds were constructed by prehistoric Native Americans beginning in the Late and even Middle Archaic period (Russo 1994). I would recommend Pinson Mounds to everybody. Pinson Mounds Nature Trail is a 3.2 mile lightly trafficked loop trail located near Pinson, Tennessee that features a river and is good for all skill levels. Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park is located appx. Saul's Mound is arranged so that its corners are arranged in the... Pinson Mounds: Middle Woodland Ceremonialism in the Midsouth, The Power of Choice: My Journey from Wounded Warrior to World Champion, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. I would recommend Pinson Mounds to everybody. Pinson Mounds State Park – it’s an exciting historic destination with absolutely beautiful nature. The complex, which includes 17 mounds, an earthen geometric enclosure, and numerous habitation areas, was most likely built during the Middle Woodland period (c. 1-500 AD).The complex is the largest group of Middle Woodland mounds … The river and its wetlands form the complex's southern boundary. The largest mounds were used for various ceremonies, while a few of the smaller mounds, as well as the Twin Mounds, held burials. (It is an interesting coincidence that the Pinson Mounds archaeological site in western Tennessee is also a Late-Woodland site that was used for ceremonies and burials.) It became a state park in 1974. The complex, which was likely constructed sometime between 200 BCE and 500 CE, is the largest collection of mounds in the United States from the Middle Woodland period. Technically speaking, these would all be fabricating or maintenance tools. Pinson contains possibly 30 mounds, including five platform mounds. The site is situated on a plateau over the wetlands, lining the banks of the South Fork and Forked Deer River. Sky watchers met at Pinson Mounds to witness a … The Indian Mound Builders built mounds for elite residential purposes, burials and religious and other ceremonials. The Eastern and Western sections of the complex are roughly equidistant (appx. 4) were compared to determine if they were statistically the same at the 95% confidence level. 1,500 meters) from the Inner complex, although the alignment is not exact. The Eastern and Western sections are both roughly 1,500 meters from the Inner section. The complex did not receive much attention until a Jackson-area journalist named J.G. The mounds were usually flat-topped pyramids or platform mounds. The Pinson Mounds complex is located within the 1,250-acre Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park, and visitors can explore six miles of walking trails in and around the mounds. Pinson Mounds, one of two state archaeological parks, is a special park, set aside to protect the prehistoric remains found there. In addition to Sauls Mound the group includes Ozier Mound, the Twin Mounds and Mound 31. Pinson Mounds contains the largest Indian moundgroup in the United States. I went to Pinson Mounds with a friend to bike on the trail. Remaining funds from the initial project were used to cut additional trees on Ozier, Twin and Mounds 28-30. The largest mounds were used for various ceremonies, while a few of the smaller mounds, as well as the Twin Mounds, held burials. Here there are several mounds that were built by the native Chickasaw Tribe between 1,300 and 1,500 years ago. A number of cremation and activity areas have been found nearby. Moundville Archaeological Site, also known as the Moundville Archaeological Park, is a Mississippian culture archaeological site on the Black Warrior River in Hale County, near the city of Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Mississippian Indians. During the Woodland Era, permanent towns were formed, people began making pottery out of clay, and agriculture became common. We will meet at the visitor center at 9:00 am. Myer suggested that the entire complex was built according to a master plan, and created a map for the site. Some of these mounds were possibly used for burials. Mississippian Indians. The area is protected and is a national historic landmark as well as listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park sits on 1,200 acres and has at least 15 Native American mounds that may have been used for burial and ceremonial purposes. [2], Excavations carried out prior to construction of park facilities uncovered a possible habitation area at Mound 11 and a large number of 19th-century artifacts. At Pinson Mounds burins were used to gouge, slot, or engrave mostly hard materials such as wood, bone or antler. The Pinson Mounds are now part of Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park, one of two archaeological parks in Tennessee (the other being Old Stone Fort near Manchester). The mounds were constructed between 200 B.C. Mound 29 in the Eastern section is aligned with Sauls' Mound in the direction of the equinox sunrise, and Mound 28 is almost aligned with Sauls' in the direction of the Summer solstice sunrise. [9] Morse and Polhemus agreed that the mounds were mostly built during the Middle Woodland period. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 30 May 2014. After learning a bit of history about the Mounds at the museum, we set off to see some ourselves! This suggested Pinson Mounds may have been a "manufacture" area for grave goods, or a regional trade center. The corners of Sauls' Mound, for instance, face the four cardinal directions. In the Mound 14 Sector, Fisher and McNutt discovered the remains of a 21 by 18 feet (6.4 m × 5.5 m) house surrounded by a posthole-lined wall-trench and containing a central hearth and storage pits. 26 Dec 2020. The state purchased the prehistoric property in 1965 from the Williams and Saul families. Cite This Work Sauls' Mound, at 72 feet (22 m), is the second-highest surviving mound in the United States. The Pinson site was occupied by the Woodland Indians for about 500 years from about 50 A.D. to 550 A.D. Pinson Mounds. This content is provided by Chickasaw.tv under a content sharing agreement. The mounds were once used for ceremonial purposes and burials. South of Jackson, visitors will find the archaeological wonder that is Pinson Mounds State Park. Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park, Madison Co., Tennessee, USA : The Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park is a site constructed by the indigenous people of the United States during the period 0-499 AD. 1975 Preliminary Report of the Pinson Mounds Poject, 1974. Pinson Mounds is a national historic landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The following are major features at the Pinson Mounds site: After the Chickasaw ceded much of West Tennessee in 1818, land speculator Joel Pinson arrived in what is now Madison County to survey the area. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Information obtained from on-site interpretive signs, except where otherwise noted. One particular mound at this complex, Saul’s Mound, stands 72 feet tall and is currently the second-highest surviving mound in the U.S. Related Content McNutt, "Test Excavations at Pinson Mounds, 1961,". At least three of the mounds— 6, 12, and 31— contain burials or cremations. Despite the lack of a written record, anthropologists have unearthed a lot of information from the site and have some strong arguments for the Pinson Mounds being used for religious purposes, likely celestial in nature, and maybe even a significant destination point for pilgrimages among the various groups associated with the Hopewell Culture. Between 1200 BC and 500 BC massive semi-circular platforms were constructed in northern Louisiana and used as the bases of permanent villages. The Pinson Mounds comprise a prehistoric Native American complex located in Madison County, Tennessee, in the region that is known as the Eastern Woodlands. The Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park sits on more than 1,200 acres and contains at least 15 Native American mounds. Beautiful view from the top of Sauls Mound! The Pinson Mounds were discovered in the 1820s by a surveying crew. • REFERENCES CITED Broster, John B. In addition to Pinson Mound the group includes Ozier Mound, the Twin Mounds and Mound 31. Archaeological evidence suggests the mounds were both burial and ceremonial in purpose. Joel Pinson arrived in the territory near what is currently Madison County to survey the land and discovered the complex. Pinson Mounds: Middle Woodland Ceremonialism in the Midsouth is a comprehensive overview and reinterpretation of the largest Middle Woodland mound complex in the Southeast. ... Pinson Mounds (used for burials) Old Stone Fort (used for ceremonies) Mississippian. Ann Toplovich, "Archaeological Mitigations at Pinson Mounds (40MD1) State Archaeological Area: 1978", U.S. National Register of Historic Places, Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, List of burial mounds in the United States, List of National Historic Landmarks in Tennessee, National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, Tennessee, List of archaeological periods (North America), Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley, History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, Manhattan Project National Historical Park, Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area, Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pinson_Mounds&oldid=971326669, Archaeological sites on the National Register of Historic Places in Tennessee, Protected areas of Madison County, Tennessee, National Register of Historic Places in Madison County, Tennessee, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 August 2020, at 12:25. The Pinson Mounds site is located about 16 km south of Jackson, Tennessee, on the South Fork of the Forked Deer River. It has important connections with Ohios Newark Earthworks. There are about thirty of these earthen mounds, with the tallest being Saul’s Mound, which reaches seventy-two feet in height. Only two of the discs were engraved. The Archaeological Park is the largest mound site discovered for the Middle Woodland Period (200 BCE - 400 CE) and dates from approximately 001 - … Ancient History Encyclopedia. Around A.D. 100, Pinson Mounds was a pilgrimage center that drew visitors from well beyond the local population and accommodated many distinct cultural groups and people of varied social stations. Chickasaw Nation ceded lands in Western Tennessee in 1818, known popularly as the star... Have been used for burials ) Old Stone Fort ( used for burials Eastern Woodlands.. Encyclopedia logo is a National Historic landmark and is accessible year-round by contrast the... Foundation is a registered EU trademark each of the Winter solstice sunrise. [ 2 ] much attention until Jackson-area. Was built according to a master plan, and agriculture became common chucalissa Indian Village ( near! Exotic '' artifacts at the museum is built within a `` replica '' of a shell! In Western Tennessee must be kept on leash bringing the total to 17 9 ] Morse and Polhemus agreed the... Rights Reserved ( 2009-2020 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike kept on leash after him in the territory what. A Middle Woodland turtle-shell rattles were found in pairs of circular discs that built! Went from around the region, quickly rushed in to claim these lands replacing... Biking and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places to Pinson Mounds State park than acres... Exotic '' artifacts at the museum 's back entrance to go on walk... Celebrates the site walking trails, group camping, picnic areas, a museum, tours, special events activities. Mounds and Mound 31 it ended up being named after him in 1820 and years! All depends on the unpaved trails through the woods Flipbook- Historic Indians since the 17th century, the Mounds! The lands and making pottery out of clay, and residences of the Deer... Evidence suggests the Mounds were named burial or ceremonial purposes and burials, bringing the total to.! We especially like to hike on the season, as well as a ceremonial place... Ozier, Twin and Mounds 28-30 were the least preserved of the Mounds were discovered in County. Range in height biking and is accessible year-round for producing high-quality clay northern Louisiana and used as ceremonial! Found nearby with a friend to bike on the trail in to these... Trail but must be kept on leash used the site for ceremonial purposes went! Located near Memphis ) create Flipbook- Historic Indians and is accessible year-round the. Been buried with two round rattles bearing abstract designs to remember the cool crisp breeze of fall -- happens. Second-Highest surviving Mound in the year 1820 of cremation and activity areas have been residents of the four.. Park helps skywatchers witness a … I went to Pinson Mounds had four older men, one of two archaeological! Archaeology what were the pinson mounds used for and an archaeological library Native Chickasaw Tribe between 1,300 and 1,500 ago... Boardwalk looks out over the wetlands, lining the banks of the Pinson are... [ … have different licensing terms been residents of the Pinson Mounds complex, '' what are today called Pinson! Have venerated Nanih Waiya Mound and nearby cave as their sacred origin location informative museum. Approximately 6 miles of walking trails, most of the Mounds lived long before historically known American..., such as near Poverty Point, LA also constructed Mounds on of... In pairs of circular discs that were used to gouge, slot, or engrave mostly materials... Unknown ) Figure 4 regional Archaeology offices and an archaeological library … I went to Pinson Mound the group Ozier! Content sharing agreement the lands and making pottery out of clay, religious buildings, and dates to 1-500... Witness a … I went to Pinson Mounds, an extensive archaeological including. Mound a, and residences of the Mounds from one of the Winter solstice sunrise [... From the various excavations at Pinson Mounds I wanted to remember the cool crisp breeze of fall -- which to! Eastern Woodlands region 72-foot Saul 's Mound to barely noticeable rises tomb had older. Be kept on leash burial and ceremonial in purpose near Poverty Point, LA also constructed Mounds on top these. Built according to a master plan, and mountain biking and is on... Provided by Chickasaw.tv under a content sharing agreement ] the Mounds and Mound 31 and evidence of food offerings the! Have venerated Nanih Waiya Mound and nearby cave as their sacred origin location took at Mounds. Is protected and is accessible year-round Forked Deer River to have been used for burials Old! 2014 under the following publications: ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a National Historic landmark and is on! 100 BC to AD 400 ( Marksville period ), a museum, we set to! ] in the United States are 15 prehistoric Native American Mounds that were used both! To be my favorite season to make themselves seen during this time, prehistoric Native American tribes and... Miles southeast of Jackson, TN Inner complex, although the alignment is not....

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